Fight Racism in Canada!

Educator's Tools & Resources

In collaboration with teachers, students, and families from Asian Canadian communities across the GTA, this learning series includes videos, posters, resources, and a facilitator’s guide for further learning to help students (Grade 4 and up) learn about racism and how to fight in their communities! A facilitator’s guide is included for educators and adults to support student learning.


Facilitator's Guide

A set of guiding questions for parents, guardians and adults to have conversations with students.


Hi there! Now that you have watched our videos and read our infographics, we welcome you to keep learning! Here is a list to start you off. After you have finished this list, we hope you look for more videos, articles, websites and books!


Bell, L. A. (2016). Theorizing Foundations for Social Justice Education. In M. Adams, L. A. Bell, D. J. Goodman, & K. Y. Joshi (Eds.), Teaching for diversity and social justice (pp. 3-26). New York, NY: Routledge. 

Bell, M. K. (2016). Teaching at the Intersections.

Bivens, D. K. (2005). Chapter 5: What is Internalized Racism? In Flipping the script: White Privilege and Community Building.

Canadian Race Relations Foundation. (n.d). CRRF Glossary of terms.

Crenshaw, K. (1989). Demarginalizing the Intersection of Race and Sex: A Black Feminist Critique of Anti-discrimination Doctrine, Feminist Theory and Anti-Racism Politics. University of Chicago Legal Forum, 140, 139-167.

Crenshaw, K. (2015, September 24). Opinion: Why Intersectionality Can’t Wait. The Washington Post.

Este, D., Lorenzetti, L., & Sato, C. (2018). Racism and Anti-Racism in Canada. Winnipeg, MB: Fernwood Publishing.

Gaffney, C. (2016). Anatomy of an Ally.

Global News. (2019, September 25). What is Internalized Racism?

Government of Ontario. (2017). A Better Way Forward: Ontario’s 3-Year Anti-Racism Strategic Plan. Toronto, ON: Queen’s Printer for Ontario. 

Hammond, Z. (2015). Culturally Responsive Teaching and the Brain: Promoting Authentic Engagement and Rigor Among Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Students. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.

Inclusion Education Summit. (2017). Implementing inclusion in BC’s public schools.

Kalvapalle, R. (2020, September 11).’This is a Canadian problem, too’: U of T’s Maydianne Andrade on finding the will to address anti-Black racism. U of T News.

Knight, D. (2015). “What’s ‘colorism’?”.

Kwong, E. (2018, August 29). Tossing, hiding or being shunned for ‘stinky’ school lunches: 8 Canadians on the ethnic food they were embarrassed to eat in class. Toronto Star.

Learning for Justice. (2016, May 18). Intersectionality 101.

Liang, K. (2011, September 1). Racial slurs (chink). Northwest Asian Weekly.

Lopes, T., & Thomas, B. (2006). Dancing on live embers: Challenging racism in organizations. Toronto, ON: Between the Lines.

May, S. & Sleeter, C. E. (2010). Introduction. In S. May & C. E. Sleeter (Eds.), Critical multiculturalism: Theory and praxis (pp. 1-16). New York, NY: Routledge.

Miller, J., & Chan-Smitham, B. (2020, July) Bystander intervention to stop anti-Asian/American and xenophobia harassment. hollaback! and Asian Americans Advancing Justice. Virtual workshop hosted on Zoom. 

MP Associates, Center for Assessment and Policy Development, and World Trust Educational Services. (2019). Racial equity tools: Glossary.

National Center on Education and the Economy. (n.d.). Canada: Supporting equity.

Nickelodeon. (2020). Kids, race and unity: Vocabulary list for parents and students.

Ontario Human Rights Commission. (n.d.). Racial discrimination, race and racism (fact sheet).

Ontario Ministry of Education. (2014). Equity and inclusive education in Ontario schools: Guidelines for policy development and implementation. Toronto, ON: Queen’s Printer for Ontario.

Ontario Ministry of Education. (2017). Ontario’s education equity action plan. Toronto, ON: Queen’s Printer for Ontario.

People for Education. (n.d.). Equity: Developing competencies, changing trajectories. 

Sen, R. (2017, December 19). How to do intersectionality. The Independent.

Sue, D. W. (2010). Racial microaggressions in everyday life: Race, gender, and sexual orientation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons.

The Conscious Kid. (n.d.). Racial literacy key terms

The Icarus Project. (2015). Madness & oppression

Adler, M. (2020, February 24). Hit hard, Scarborough Chinese businesses hope to beat COVID-19 fears. 

Angus Reid Institute. (2020). Blame, bullying and disrespect: Chinese Canadians reveal their experiences with racism during COVID 19.

Bamboo Shoots: Chinese Canadian Legacies in BC. (2015). Historical Backgrounders.

CBC Digital Archives. (1980, January 22). Chinese immigrants protest racism on TV.

CBC Radio. (2020, February 21). ‘I was humiliated’: Chinese Canadian remembers racist reaction to SARS epidemic.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2017). Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS): Basics fact sheet.

Chan, A. (2020). Chinese Head Tax in Canada. In The Canadian Encyclopedia. 

Chan, A. (2017). Chinese Immigration Act. In The Canadian Encyclopedia.

Chung, T. I. (2014). Early transpacific Chinese travelers and today’s British Columbia.

Coloma, R. S. (2017). “Too Asian?”: On racism, paradox, and ethno-nationalism. In R. S. Coloma & G. Pon (Eds), Asian Canadian studies reader (pp. 363-382). Toronto: ON: University of Toronto Press.

Government of British Columbia. (n.d.). Gold Mountain.

Government of Canada. (2017). History of Canada’s early Chinese immigrants. 

Health Canada. (2003). Learning from SARS: Renewal of public health in Canada.

Jan. T. (2020, May 19). Asian American doctors and nurses are fighting racism and the coronavirus. The Washington Post.

Kline, A., & Kovac, A. (2020, April 2). Asian Montrealers say they’ve increasingly been victims of racism during COVID-19 crisis. CTV News.

Kozlowska, H. (2020, March 25). How anti-Chinese sentiment is spreading on social media. Quartz.

Laurier News Hub. (2020). Vancouver anti-Asian riots of 1907 and the parallels to Canada’s modern-day racial divide.

Leach, J. (2020, May 14). From SARS to COVID-19: Putting the spotlight on anti-Asian racism. Ryerson Today.

Lee, J. (2020, August 12). Chinese Canadians share their experiences of racism during COVID-19. Maclean’s.

Little, S. (2020, February 17). Vancouver’s Chinese-Canadian businesses report up to 70% business drop amid virus fears. Global News.

Luk, V. (2010, December 3). ‘Too Asian?’ Why I don’t accept the apology by Maclean’s. The Tyee.

McCullough, K. (2020, February 11). Chinese restaurants in GTA see large drop in sales in weeks after coronavirus outbreak. The Globe and Mail.

McRae, M. (2020). The Chinese head tax and the Chinese Exclusion Act.

project 1907. (2020). National collaboration of data collection on anti-Asian racism. Racism Incident Reporting Centre.

Ryerson University. (n.d.). Responding to hate toolkit.

Shin Sharma, C. (2020). Anti-Chinese sentiment in Toronto during pandemic shows the worst of humanity. blogTO.

Stanley, T. J. (2014). John A. Macdonald and the invention of white supremacy in Canada. Canadian Issues/Thèmes Canadiens, 29-32.

Stanley, T. J. (2016). John A. Macdonald, “the Chinese” and racist state formation in Canada. Journal of Critical Race Inquiry, 3(1), 6-34.

The Ties That Bind: Building the CPR, Building a Place in Canada. (2010). Chinese railroad workers.

The Ties That Bind: Building the CPR, Building a Place in Canada. (2010). Head tax & exclusion.

Trinh, J. (2020, June 23). Canadian doctors of colour offer a frank look at racism in medicine. CBC News.

Tsekouras, P. (2020, April 9). ‘It happened because I’m Asian’: Toronto ER nurse says she was spit on, verbally assaulted. CTV News.

Wang, S. (2020, January 31). Business down at Wuhan Noodle restaurant in Markham amid racism, coronavirus fear. Toronto Star.

Dei, G. J. S. (2017). Reframing blackness and black solidarities through anti-colonial and decolonial prisms. New York, NY: Springer.

Henry, N. L. (2019). Racial Segregation of Black People in Canada. In The Canadian Encyclopedia.

James, C. E., & Turner, T. (2017). Towards race equity in education: The schooling of Black students in the Greater Toronto Area [PDF file]. Toronto, ON: York University.

Maynard, R. (2017). Policing Black lives: State violence in Canada from slavery to the present. Winnipeg, MB: Fernwood Publishing.

Ontario Human Rights Commission. (2017). Under suspicion: Research and consultation report on racial profiling in Ontario.

Slaughter, G., & Singh, M. (2020, June 6). Five charts that show what systemic racism looks like in Canada.

Turner Consulting Group and SNAP. (2018). Adapting the SNAP program for use in the African Canadian community: Report 1: Research report.

Made possible with the support and guidance of our reviewers:
Pamala Agawa
Joe Gallagher
Rachel Mishenene
Maria Montejo
Michelle Zante
Elementary Teachers of Toronto (ETT)
Supported by the Government of Canada.

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