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For Students Grades 4 and Up and presented by the Chinese Canadian National Council – For Social Justice (CCNC-SJ), these videos are a part of a series to help students learn about racism in Canada and how to fight it in their communities!

These videos have closed captioning available in English, French, Simplified, and Traditional Chinese. To turn on captions, click the CC icon in the bottom right corner of the video and then click the settings icon to the right to select the language.


Thank you to the following reviewers for their feedback: Pamala Agawa, Joe Gallagher, Rachel Mishenene, Maria Montejo, Michelle Zante, and the Elementary Teachers of Toronto (ETT).

Understanding Race and Racism / Types of Racism / Racism and Other Forms of Discrimination / Impacts of Racism / Fighting Racism: It Isn’t Always Easy & Let’s Practice! / Becoming an Ally

Bell, L. A. (2016). Theorizing foundations for social justice education. In M. Adams, L. A. Bell, D. J. Goodman, & K. Y. Joshi (Eds.), Teaching for diversity and social justice (pp. 3-26). New York, NY: Routledge. 


Bell, M. K. (2016). Teaching at the intersections. Retrieved from 


Bivens, D. K. (2005). Chapter 5: What is internalized racism? In Flipping the script: White privilege and community building. [PDF file]. Retrieved from 


Canadian Race Relations Foundation. (n.d). CRRF Glossary of terms. Retrieved from


Crenshaw, K. (1989). Demarginalizing the intersection of race and sex: A black feminist critique of antidiscrimination doctrine, feminist theory and anti-racism politics. University of Chicago Legal Forum, 140, 139-167.


Crenshaw, K. (2015, September 24). Opinion: Why intersectionality can’t wait. The Washington Post. Retrieved from


Este, D., Lorenzetti, L., & Sato, C. (2018). Racism and anti-racism in Canada. Winnipeg, MB: Fernwood Publishing.


Gaffney, C. (2016). Anatomy of an ally. Retrieved from tomy-of-an-ally 


Global News. (2019, September 25). What is internalized racism? [Video file]. Retrieved from 


Government of Ontario. (2017). A better way forward: Ontario’s 3-year anti-racism strategic plan [PDF file]. Toronto, ON: Queen’s Printer for Ontario. Retrieved from


Hammond, Z. (2015). Culturally responsive teaching and the brain: Promoting authentic engagement and rigor among culturally and linguistically diverse students. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.


Inclusion Education Summit. (2017). Implementing inclusion in BC’s public schools [PDF file]. Retrieved from 


Kalvapalle, R. (2020, September 11).’This is a Canadian problem, too’: U of T’s Maydianne Andrade on finding the will to address anti-Black racism. U of T News. Retrieved from


Knight, D. (2015). “What’s ‘colorism’?” Retrieved from 


Kwong, E. (2018, August 29). Tossing, hiding or being shunned for ‘stinky’ school lunches: 8 Canadians on the ethnic food they were embarrassed to eat in class. Toronto Star. Retrieved from 


Learning for Justice. (2016, May 18). Intersectionality 101 [Video file]. Retrieved from 


Liang, K. (2011, September 1). Racial slurs (chink). Northwest Asian Weekly. Retrieved from 


Lopes, T., & Thomas, B. (2006). Dancing on live embers: Challenging racism in organizations. Toronto, ON: Between the Lines.


May, S. & Sleeter, C. E. (2010). Introduction. In S. May & C. E. Sleeter (Eds.), Critical multiculturalism: Theory and praxis (pp. 1-16). New York, NY: Routledge.


Miller, J., & Chan-Smitham, B. (2020, July) Bystander intervention to stop anti-Asian/American and xenophobia harassment. hollaback! and Asian Americans Advancing Justice. Virtual workshop hosted on Zoom. 


MP Associates, Center for Assessment and Policy Development, and World Trust Educational Services. (2019). Racial equity tools: Glossary [PDF file]. Retrieved from


National Center on Education and the Economy. (n.d.). Canada: Supporting equity. Retrieved from 


Nickelodeon. (2020). Kids, race and unity: Vocabulary list for parents and students [PDF file]. Retrieved from


Ontario Human Rights Commission. (n.d.). Racial discrimination, race and racism (fact sheet). Retrieved from  


Ontario Ministry of Education. (2014). Equity and inclusive education in Ontario schools: Guidelines for policy development and implementation. Toronto, ON: Queen’s Printer for Ontario. Retrieved from 


Ontario Ministry of Education. (2017). Ontario’s education equity action plan. Toronto, ON: Queen’s Printer for Ontario. Retrieved from


People for Education. (n.d.). Equity: Developing competencies, changing trajectories. Retrieved from 


Sen, R. (2017, December 19). How to do intersectionality. The Independent. Retrieved from 


Sue, D. W. (2010). Racial microaggressions in everyday life: Race, gender, and sexual orientation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons.


The Conscious Kid. (n.d.). Racial literacy key terms. Retrieved from

The Icarus Project. (2015). Madness & oppression [PDF file]. Retrieved from

Racism Toward Chinese Communities

Adler, M. (2020, February 24). Hit hard, Scarborough Chinese businesses hope to beat COVID-19 fears. Retrieved from 


Angus Reid Institute. (2020). Blame, bullying and disrespect: Chinese Canadians reveal their experiences with racism during COVID 19. Retrieved from


Bamboo Shoots: Chinese Canadian Legacies in BC. (2015). Historical Backgrounders [PDF file]. Retrieved from


CBC Digital Archives. (1980, January 22). Chinese immigrants protest racism on TV [Video file]. Retrieved from


CBC Radio. (2020, February 21). ‘I was humiliated’: Chinese Canadian remembers racist reaction to SARS epidemic. Retrieved from


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2017). Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS): Basics fact sheet. Retrieved from


Chan, A. (2020). Chinese Head Tax in Canada. In The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved from 


Chan, A. (2017). Chinese Immigration Act. In The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved from 


Chinese Canadian National Council for Social Justice. (2020). Building resilience. Retrieved from


Chinese Canadian National Council for Social Justice. (2020). Face race. Retrieved from


Chung, T. I. (2014). Early transpacific Chinese travelers and today’s British Columbia. Retrieved from 


Coloma, R. S. (2017). “Too Asian?”: On racism, paradox, and ethno-nationalism. In R. S. Coloma & G. Pon (Eds), Asian Canadian studies reader (pp. 363-382). Toronto: ON: University of Toronto Press.


Fight COVID-19 Racism. (n.d.). Resources. Retrieved from 


Government of British Columbia. (n.d.). Gold Mountain. Retrieved from 


Government of Canada. (2017). History of Canada’s early Chinese immigrants. Retrieved from 


Health Canada. (2003). Learning from SARS: Renewal of public health in Canada [PDF file]. Retrieved from


Jan. T. (2020, May 19). Asian American doctors and nurses are fighting racism and the coronavirus. The Washington Post. Retrieved from 


Kline, A., & Kovac, A. (2020, April 2). Asian Montrealers say they’ve increasingly been victims of racism during COVID-19 crisis. CTV News. Retrieved from 


Kozlowska, H. (2020, March 25). How anti-Chinese sentiment is spreading on social media. Quartz. Retrieved from


Laurier News Hub. (2020). Vancouver anti-Asian riots of 1907 and the parallels to Canada’s modern-day racial divide. Retrieved from 


Leach, J. (2020, May 14). From SARS to COVID-19: Putting the spotlight on anti-Asian racism. Ryerson Today. Retrieved from


Lee, J. (2020, August 12). Chinese Canadians share their experiences of racism during COVID-19. Maclean’s. Retrieved from 


Little, S. (2020, February 17). Vancouver’s Chinese-Canadian businesses report up to 70% business drop amid virus fears. Global News. Retrieved from 


Luk, V. (2010, December 3). ‘Too Asian?’ Why I don’t accept the apology by Maclean’s. The Tyee. Retrieved from 


McCullough, K. (2020, February 11). Chinese restaurants in GTA see large drop in sales in weeks after coronavirus outbreak. The Globe and Mail. Retrieved from 


McRae, M. (2020). The Chinese head tax and the Chinese Exclusion Act. Retrieved from 


project 1907. (2020). National collaboration of data collection on anti-Asian racism. Racism Incident Reporting Centre. Retrieved from


Road to Justice. (2011). Taxing the Chinese. Laws. Retrieved from 


Ryerson University. (n.d.). Responding to hate toolkit [PDF file]. Retrieved from 


Shin Sharma, C. (2020). Anti-Chinese sentiment in Toronto during pandemic shows the worst of humanity. blogTO. Retrieved from 


Stanley, T. J. (2014). John A. Macdonald and the invention of white supremacy in Canada. Canadian Issues/Thèmes Canadiens, 29-32.


Stanley, T. J. (2016). John A. Macdonald, “the Chinese” and racist state formation in Canada. Journal of Critical Race Inquiry, 3(1), 6-34.


The Ties That Bind: Building the CPR, Building a Place in Canada. (2010). Chinese railroad workers. Retrieved from 


The Ties That Bind: Building the CPR, Building a Place in Canada. (2010). Head tax & exclusion. Retrieved from 


Trinh, J. (2020, June 23). Canadian doctors of colour offer a frank look at racism in medicine. CBC News. Retrieved from


Tsekouras, P. (2020, April 9). ‘It happened because I’m Asian’: Toronto ER nurse says she was spit on, verbally assaulted. CTV News. Retrieved from

Wang, S. (2020, January 31). Business down at Wuhan Noodle restaurant in Markham amid racism, coronavirus fear. Toronto Star. Retrieved from

Racism Toward Black Communities

Dei, G. J. S. (2017). Reframing blackness and black solidarities through anti-colonial and decolonial prisms. New York, NY: Springer.


Henry, N. L. (2019). Racial Segregation of Black People in Canada. In The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved from


James, C. E., & Turner, T. (2017). Towards race equity in education: The schooling of Black students in the Greater Toronto Area [PDF file]. Toronto, ON: York University.


Maynard, R. (2017). Policing Black lives: State violence in Canada from slavery to the present. Winnipeg, MB: Fernwood Publishing.


Ontario Human Rights Commission. (2017). Under suspicion: Research and consultation report on racial profiling in Ontario. Retrieved from 


Slaughter, G., & Singh, M. (2020, June 6). Five charts that show what systemic racism looks like in Canada. CTV News. Retrieved from 

Turner Consulting Group and SNAP. (2018). Adapting the SNAP program for use in the African Canadian community: Report 1: Research report [PDF file]. Retrieved from:

Racism Toward Indigenous Communities

Anderson, T. (2019). Results from the 2016 Census: Housing, income and residential dissimilarity among Indigenous people in Canadian cities. Retrieved from


BBC News. (2017, September 7). Canada First Nation declare drugs state of emergency. Retrieved from


Canadian Poverty Institute (n.d.). Poverty in Canada. Retrieved from


Colonization facts for kids. (2020). In Kiddie Encyclopedia. Retrieved from 


Cultural assimilation facts for kids. (2020). In Kiddie Encyclopedia. Retrieved from 


Edwards, K. (n.d.). Fighting foster care. Maclean’s. Retrieved from


Facing History and Ourselves. (2020). Dispossession, destruction, and the reserves. Retrieved from


Facing History and Ourselves. (2020). The experiences of students. Retrieved from


Gerster, J., & Hessey, K. (2019, September 28). Why some First Nations still don’t have clean drinking water - despite Trudeau’s promise. Global News. Retrieved from 


Glover, F. (2020). Residential Schools in Canada. In The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved from


Government of Canada. (2015). Canada’s history. Retrieved from


Government of Canada. (2017). Indigenous people and communities. Retrieved from


Indigenous Awareness Canada. (n.d.). What is a reserve? Retrieved from


Mccue, H. A. (2018). Reserves. In The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved from 


Schiedel, B. (2018, May 15). Why our kids need to learn about residential schools. Maclean’s. Retrieved from

Sinclair, N. J. & Dainard, S. (2020). Sixties Scoop. In The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved from


Sinclair, R. (2021). The Sixties Scoop. Retrieved from

Statistics Canada. (2016). Area of resident - On reserve. Retrieved from

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